Kubernetes/K8s/部署master服务教程LinuxServer虚拟化

印迹4月前 140

一、初始化服务器

1 关闭防火墙

【所有主节点都执行】

[root@k8s-master1 ~]# systemctl stop firewalld
[root@k8s-master1 ~]# systemctl disable firewalld

2 关闭selinux

【所有主节点都执行】

# setenforce 0
# vim /etc/selinux/config

修改

SELINUX=enforcing 为 SELINUX=disabled

3 配置主机名

【所有主节点都执行】

hostnamectl set-hostname 主机名

4 配置名称解析

【所有主节点都执行】

vim /etc/hosts

添加如下四行

192.168.31.63    k8s-master1
192.168.31.64    k8s-master2
192.168.31.65    k8s-node1
192.168.31.66    k8s-node2

5 配置时间同步

选择一个节点作为服务端,剩下的作为客户端

master1为时间服务器的服务端

其他的为时间服务器的客户端

1)配置k8s-master1

# yum install chrony -y
# vim /etc/chrony.config
    #修改三项
    server 127.127.1.0 iburst
    allow 192.168.31.0/24
    local stratum 10
# systemctl start chronyd
# systemctl enable chronyd
# ss -unl | grep 123
        UNCONN     0      0            *:123                      *:*

2)配置k8s-node1 和k8s-node2

# yum install chrony -y
# vim /etc/chrony.conf
            server 192.168.31.63 iburst
# systemctl start chronyd
# systemctl enable chronyd# chronyc sources
            210 Number of sources = 1
            MS Name/IP address         Stratum Poll Reach LastRx Last sample               
            ============================================================
^* k8s-master1                  10   6    17     4    +11us[  +79us] +/-   95us

6 关闭交换分区

【所有主节点都执行】

[root@k8s-master1 ~]# swapoff -a
[root@k8s-master1 ~]# vim /etc/fstab

删除一行:

检查是否关闭成功

[root@k8s-master1 ~]# free -m
                  total        used        free      shared  buff/cache   available
    Mem:           2827         157        2288           9         380        2514
    Swap:             0           0           0
三、给etcd颁发证书

1)创建证书颁发机构

2)填写表单--写明etcd所在节点的IP

3)向证书颁发机构申请证书

第一步:上传TLS安装包

        传到/root下

        略

第二步:       

# tar xvf /root/TLS.tar.gz
# cd /root/TLS
# vim server-csr.json 
            修改host中的IP地址,这里的IP是etcd所在节点的IP地址
            {
                "CN": "etcd",
                "hosts": [
                    "192.168.31.63",
                    "192.168.31.65",
                    "192.168.31.66"
                    ],
                 "key": {
                    "algo": "rsa",
                    "size": 2048
                },
                "names": [
                    {
                        "C": "CN",
                        "L": "BeiJing",
                        "ST": "BeiJing"
                    }
                ]
            }
        # ./generate_etcd_cert.sh
        # ls *pem
            ca-key.pem  ca.pem  server-key.pem  server.pem
四、部署etcd

etcd需要三台虚拟机

在master、node1、node2上分别安装一个etcd

注意:

    解压之后会生成一个文件和一个目录   

    # tar xvf etcd.tar.gz
    # mv etcd.service /usr/lib/systemd/system
    # vim /opt/etcd/cfg/etcd.conf
        #[Member]
        ETCD_NAME="etcd-1"
        ETCD_DATA_DIR="/var/lib/etcd/default.etcd"
        ETCD_LISTEN_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.31.63:2380"
        ETCD_LISTEN_CLIENT_URLS="https://192.168.31.63:2379"
        #[Clustering]
        ETCD_INITIAL_ADVERTISE_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.31.63:2380"
        ETCD_ADVERTISE_CLIENT_URLS="https://192.168.31.63:2379"
        ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER="etcd-1=https://192.168.31.63:2380,etcd-2=https://192.168.31.65:2380,etcd-3=https://192.168.31.66:2380"
        ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_TOKEN="etcd-cluster"
        ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_STATE="new"

   

# rm -rf /opt/etcd/ssl/*
# \cp -fv ca.pem server.pem server-key.pem /opt/etcd/ssl/

    将etc管理程序和程序目录发送到node1 和node2   

# scp /usr/lib/systemd/system/etcd.service root@k8s-node1:/usr/lib/systemd/system/
# scp /usr/lib/systemd/system/etcd.service root@k8s-node2:/usr/lib/systemd/system/
# scp -r /opt/etcd/ root@k8s-node2:/opt/
# scp -r /opt/etcd/ root@k8s-node1:/opt/

    在node1上修改etcd的配置文件   

    # vim /opt/etcd/cfg/etcd.conf
    #[Member]
    ETCD_NAME="etcd-2"
    ETCD_DATA_DIR="/var/lib/etcd/default.etcd"
    ETCD_LISTEN_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.31.65:2380"
    ETCD_LISTEN_CLIENT_URLS="https://192.168.31.65:2379"
    #[Clustering]
    ETCD_INITIAL_ADVERTISE_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.31.65:2380"
    ETCD_ADVERTISE_CLIENT_URLS="https://192.168.31.65:2379"
    ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER="etcd-1=https://192.168.31.63:2380,etcd-2=https://192.168.31.65:2380,etcd-3=https://192.168.31.66:2380"
    ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_TOKEN="etcd-cluster"
    ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_STATE="new"

    在node2上修改etcd的配置文件   

    # vim /opt/etcd/cfg/etcd.conf
    #[Member]
    ETCD_NAME="etcd-3"
    ETCD_DATA_DIR="/var/lib/etcd/default.etcd"
    ETCD_LISTEN_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.31.66:2380"
    ETCD_LISTEN_CLIENT_URLS="https://192.168.31.66:2379"
    #[Clustering]
    ETCD_INITIAL_ADVERTISE_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.31.66:2380"
    ETCD_ADVERTISE_CLIENT_URLS="https://192.168.31.66:2379"
    ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER="etcd-1=https://192.168.31.63:2380,etcd-2=https://192.168.31.65:2380,etcd-3=https://192.168.31.66:2380"
    ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_TOKEN="etcd-cluster"
    ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_STATE="new"

    在三个节点一次启动etcd服务   

# systemctl start etcd
# systemctl enable etcd

    检查是否启动成功   

# /opt/etcd/bin/etcdctl --ca-file=/opt/etcd/ssl/ca.pem --cert-file=/opt/etcd/ssl/server.pem --key-file=/opt/etcd/ssl/server-key.pem --endpoints="https://192.168.31.63:2379,https://192.168.31.65:2379,https://192.168.31.66:2379" cluster-health


五、为api server签发证书
cd /root/TLS/k8s/
./generate_k8s_cert.sh


六、部署master服务
# tar xvf k8s-master.tar.gz 
# mv kube-apiserver.service kube-controller-manager.service kube-scheduler.service /usr/lib/systemd/system/
# mv kubernetes /opt/
# cp /root/TLS/k8s/{ca*pem,server.pem,server-key.pem} /opt/kubernetes/ssl/ -rvf

修改apiserver的配置文件

# vim /opt/kubernetes/cfg/kube-apiserver.conf
    KUBE_APISERVER_OPTS="--logtostderr=false \
    --v=2 \
    --log-dir=/opt/kubernetes/logs \
    --etcd-servers=https://192.168.31.63:2379,https://192.168.31.65:2379,https://192.168.31.66:2379 \
    --bind-address=192.168.31.63 \
    --secure-port=6443 \
    --advertise-address=192.168.31.63 \
    --allow-privileged=true \
    --service-cluster-ip-range=10.0.0.0/24 \
    --enable-admission-plugins=NamespaceLifecycle,LimitRanger,ServiceAccount,ResourceQuota,NodeRestriction \
    --authorization-mode=RBAC,Node \
    --enable-bootstrap-token-auth=true \
    --token-auth-file=/opt/kubernetes/cfg/token.csv \
    --service-node-port-range=30000-32767 \
    --kubelet-client-certificate=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/server.pem \
    --kubelet-client-key=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/server-key.pem \
    --tls-cert-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/server.pem  \
    --tls-private-key-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/server-key.pem \
    --client-ca-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem \
    --service-account-key-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca-key.pem \
    --etcd-cafile=/opt/etcd/ssl/ca.pem \
    --etcd-certfile=/opt/etcd/ssl/server.pem \
    --etcd-keyfile=/opt/etcd/ssl/server-key.pem \
    --audit-log-maxage=30 \
    --audit-log-maxbackup=3 \
    --audit-log-maxsize=100 \
    --audit-log-path=/opt/kubernetes/logs/k8s-audit.log"

启动master

# systemctl start kube-apiserver
# systemctl enable kube-apiserver    
# systemctl enable kube-scheduler    
# systemctl start kube-scheduler    
# systemctl start kube-controller-manager    
# systemctl start kube-scheduler    
# systemctl enable kube-controller-manager    
# cp /opt/kubernetes/bin/kubectl /bin/


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